Siete quiThe Prefect of the Liberation
The Prefect of the Liberation
After the Armistice of 8th September 1943 armed and civil resistance developed in this war torn land as a result of the harsh German occupation and increasingly difficult living conditions. This resistance won the Province of Massa-Carrara the Medaglia d’Oro al Valor Militare (the Gold Medal for Military Valour) and the Medaglia d’Oro al Merito Civile (the Gold Medal for Civilian Merit) for the Comune di Massa (Massa’s Town Council). In memory of this the Council and the European Community have reawakened these memories.
The first Prefect of the province of Massa-Carrara (still named Apuania) after the Liberation of April 1945 was nominated by the Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale, with the agreement and approval of the Governo Militare Alleato of Tuscany. The choice fell on Pietro Del Giudice, Commander of the “Gruppo Patrioti Apuane”, the principal group of partisans in the district of Massa. This was remembered in the writings of Carlo Cassola in a journalistic correspondence in December 1945: “At the head of this, which is certainly one of the provinces which suffered the most, we found a Political Prefect who is undoubtedly the most unique of all the Prefects, political and non-political. Pietro Del Giudice was born thirty one years ago in Montignoso into a working class family. He studied in Firenze (Florence) and gained a degree in Diritto Canonico (Canonic Law). A Domenican Monk, he was in contact with anti-fascist elements before the 25th of July. Immediately after the 8th of September he left the Monastery for the mountains […] He took command of the Partisan groups, on which he left his political and military mark […]. Before the Liberation he was a member of Partito Socialista, they proposed him as Prefect in the heart of CLN. The CLN accepted his candidature unanimously.
Following this Pietro Del Giudice was nicknamed Prefect “dei calcinacci” (of the rubble) for his work of reconstruction after the destruction of the war, remembering the guiding principles of his work: abolition of every type of “putting in a good word” and favouritism, involved in the work and assistance of the organization, defending the uncompromising freedom of the Magistrates, nobody could interfere in public administration. On the door of his office in the Prefettura was fixed a notice that everyone could read: “The Prefect decrees: we don’t tolerate influence. Putting in a good word expresses the immorality of the Fascists. A job for one is not my business. Instead I must find work for everyone and all my energy must be directed to this end. [...] The organization of justice is above all of us. Not one person is allowed, nor can the Prefect interfere in the work of justice [...]. As Prefect I have neither friends nor relations. Massa, 16th of April 1945”
On the 1st of March 1946 he was replaced by a professional official.
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