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Massacre at Guadine
Massacre at Guadine After the armistice of 8th September 1943 armed and civil resistance developed in this war torn land as a result of the harsh German occupation and increasingly difficult living conditions. This resistance won the Province of Massa-Carrara the Medaglia d’Oro al Valor Militare (the Gold Medal for Military Valour) and the Medaglia d’Oro al Merito Civile (the Gold Medal for Civilian Merit) for the Comune di Massa (Massa’s Town Council). In memory of this the Council and the European Community have reawakened these memories.
On the 24th of August there was a great round-up by the German soldiers, the SS and the Italian Militia interested in the Valley del Lucido, the Bardine and in part the Aulella: they covered all of the territory from Gragnola to Monzone and Vinca, Colla and Gallona, Vezzanello, Viano and Tenerano, from Ceserano to Bardine, San Terenzo, Pulica, Pasterla, Marciaso, Cecina, Castelpoggio ending at Forno. During the round-up the soldiers burnt the villages and indiscriminately killed civilians.
The partisans from the not long formed, Garibaldina Brigade “Ugo Muccini”, named after an antifascist from Arcola killed while a volunteer during the Spanish Civil war in September 1938, managed to escape after being overrun by a huge line up of German and Republican Fascist armed force, eight detachments of the brigade reached Campo Cecina and Monte Sagro, and here seven of them went towards the mountain villages in Massa (Forno, Antona) where they were to meet the “Patrioti Apuani”, stationed at Antona, commanded by Alfredo Gianardi “Vico”.
At the edges of the area covered by the round-up the village of Guadine was garrisoned by the men of X Max from La Spezia. These men crossed the village shooting indiscriminately down the streets, or at houses; eleven or thirteen people, of which five were women were killed. The victims included relatives or informants of the partisans. The village was then put to the torch.
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