Siete quiMarcello Garosi
After the Armistice of 8th September 1943 armed and civil resistance developed in this war torn land as a result of the harsh German occupation and increasingly difficult living conditions. This resistance won the Province of Massa-Carrara the Medaglia d’Oro al Valor Militare (the Gold Medal for Military Valour) and the Medaglia d’Oro al Merito Civile (the Gold Medal for Civilian Merit) for the Comune di Massa (Massa’s Town Council). In memory of this the Council and the European Community have reawakened these memories.
Born in Firenze (Florence) on the 27th of March 1919 into a middle class family, second lieutenant in the Bersaglieri, married with a young son, and after the 8th of September 1943 evacuated to Massarosa (Lucca), he was one of the first organizers of the partisan guerillas in Versilia. He was a Communist in contact with the Viareggio’s Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale, (the national group for freedom in Viareggio), on the 1st of May 1944 he organized a partisan group at the “Casa Bianca” in Mount Prana. On orders from the Viareggio’s Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale (the national group for freedom in Viareggio), in May 1944 a group called “Luigi Mulargia” (a Sardinian patriot killed in combat on Mount Gabberi in Versilia on the 17th of April 1944), began their move towards Lunigiana and at Campaccio above Altagnana, came in contact with the Massa’s Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale, where they were joined by a group of partisans commanded by Pietro Del Giudice “Pietro” and Alfredo Gianardi “Vico”. They later made their base at Alberghi above Forno on the slopes of Mount Contrario. They were joined by the detachment “Silvio Ceragioli”, named after a 21-year-old partisan from the group “Tito” killed in action on the 10th of May 1944.
The 9th of June 1944 the men of “Tito” occupied Forno, it’s not clear if it was the initiative of the commander, his deputy, or a request of important communists of the Garibaldi Brigade in Tuscany. Notwithstanding the repeated requests of the representatives of the Massa’s Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale to the partisans to leave the village and the doubts manifested by “Tito” on the opportunities of this occupation, on the 11th of June some partisan commanders met with the Pisan Olivero Gilgher, a communist and the military representative of the Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale Toscano, to confirm Marcello Garosi “Tito” as the sole commander of the groups of Massa and Versilia. The representatives of the Massa’s Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale did not attend this meeting.
The 13th of June 1944 the partisans were caught by surprise in the German and Fascist Republican round-up. “Tito” was killed in combat on the rocks of Pizzo Acuto, in front of the Filatura del Cotonificio Ligure building, which had ceased production in 1942 and would be overrun by the Germans on the following 29th of July. His group dissolved and his men joined other active groups in the Apuan Alps. He was posthumously awarded the Medaglia d’Oro al Valor Militare (the Gold Medal for Military Valour).
Copyright © I sentieri della Memoria- Tutti i diritti riservati